Optimization Of Hydrocarbon Ejector Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
Keywords:COP, critical backpressure, entrainment ratio, hydrocarbon refrigerants
Ejector is a powerful emerging thermo-compressor, which is more effective when used with hydrocarbon refrigerants because of its unique thermophysical properties. Therefore, in the present work, a steam ejector model is designed and validated with experimental results to evaluate its accuracy, followed by a detailed comparative study of hydrocarbons and synthetic refrigerants namely pentane, propane, butane, iso-butane, R1234-ze and R1234-yf by computational fluid dynamics and literature Review. The effectiveness of both classes of refrigerants is measured through entrainment ratio, critical backpressure, and thermophysical properties (Literature Review). Pentane was selected as a working fluid since it has comparatively high combination of entrainment ratio and critical back pressure with refrigeration compatible properties. Lastly, the optimized geometry was simulated by varying diameter of constant area zone, nozzle exit position and nozzle expansion angle through Computational Fluid dynamics. The simulation results provide insight into shockwaves, boundary layer separation, vortex formation of ejector flow.
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